The Texas Constitution provides for a county court in each of the 254 counties of Texas, though all such courts do not exercise judicial functions. In the more populous counties, the county judge may devote his or her full attention to the administration of county government. The Legislature has also created statutory county courts at law in more populous counties to aid the single county court in its judicial functions. The legal jurisdiction of the various county-level-trial courts varies depending on the specific statute that created it. Generally, county courts do not have jurisdiction to determine suits related to determining title to land.

A suit “for the recovery of land” is a suit that determines title. See, e.g., Doggett v. Nitschke, 498 S.W.2d 339, 339 (Tex.1973) (“A county court does not have jurisdiction to try questions of title to land.”); Chambers v. Pruitt, 241 S.W.3d 679, 684 (Tex.App.-Dallas 2007, no pet.) (“District courts generally have exclusive jurisdiction to determine title to real property.”). Suits for the recovery of land include more than simply disputes over the identity of the fee simple owner. See, e.g., Coughran v. Nunez, 133 Tex. 303, 127 S.W.2d 885, 887 (1939) (expressing “no doubt” that easements “constitute an interest in real estate,” a dispute over the existence of which “necessarily involved the trial of title to real estate”); Stewart v. Rockdale State Bank, 124 Tex. 431, 79 S.W.2d 116, 118–19 (1935) (county court does not have jurisdiction to determine a claim of homestead, to correct a deed, or to establish whether a tract of land is community property or separate property); State v. Reece, 374 S.W.2d 686, 688 (Tex.Civ.App.-Houston 1964, no writ) (validity of deed restrictions is question of title). A […]